Breakbulk Cargo

Cargo of non-uniform sizes, often transported on pallets, sacks, drums, or bags. These cargoes require labor-intensive loading and unloading processes. Examples of breakbulk cargo include coffee beans, logs, or pulp.


An enclosed railcar, typically 40 or more feet long, used for packaged freight and some bulk commodities.


A section of a highway or rail network that experiences operational problems such as congestion. Bottlenecks may result from factors such as reduced roadway width or steep freeway grades that can slow trucks.

Bill of Lading

A transportation document that is the contract of carriage containing the terms and condition between shipper and carrier.